Whether you are planning to start your freelance career in the IT Industry or looking to refresh your programming skills, it’s always good to check what languages are trending in the market. Software development is a tremendous and forever growing field.
The programming language, framework and technologies which are new today, may live or ware out in the next 5 years. Therefore, as a new freelance developer, you need to learn new skills and programming languagesto remain productive and relevant.
For your benefit, we have put down a list together (by TIOBE) of the programming languages freelancers should learn first to enter the IT industry.
TIOBE is a programming community index provider that updates the most popular and highest demanding programming languages. The index is updated every month and the information is sourced from engineers, vendors and educational courseware.
However, we also want to clarify that these programming languages are most trending in the industry and they might not be the ‘Best’ programming languages. But, since you are a new entrant, you have to go with the trend and get accustomed with the popular first.
Mobile and Web App Development
Java is the biggest yet most un-daunting programming language of the century. You can develop and build applications virtually on any machine or browser. If you are a new entrant, then you should know the importance that Java holds in a programmer’s life and so, you have to acquire Java skills first thing.
Windows Program Development
Python is one of the most favourite programming languages amongst some developers. And unlike the other languages in the queue, its popularity is still soaring in the industry. Python has an updated system that allows programmers to express their requirements in less than few lines of code, as opposed to Java or C++.
Also, Python encourages readability of codes too. It has a simple and steadily ascending learning curve and moreover, it could be the ideal programming language for a new freelance programmer.
According to TIOBE, C is the second most in-demand language, after Java. C, like Java is in the industry for a very long time (approximately 48 years) and its value is still not diminished even after so many new arrivals.
Launched in the year 1970, C was originally developed for UNIX. If you want to develop firmware and portable apps, then you have to learn C.
You can easily find C programming language tutorials online for beginners, who have no experience in programming language.
C++ is an advanced version of C and is quite staple programming language among programmers. However, it’s not as popular as its predecessor.
C++ is advanced because unlike C, it’s a hybrid language which actually integrates two different types of programming languages. Although it has lot of functionalities similar to C, they are not compatible to each other completely.
Server Interfacing and WordPress Website Development
Surprisingly PHP is declining somewhat now, but it is one of the primary languages used for website designing projects. You will find a PHP team in almost all IT companies today.
PHP is particularly used to develop dynamic and responsive websites. Apart from Web Development, programmers also consider PHP a general-purpose programming language.
WordPress, which is one of the leading CMS platforms, which is used by many freelance bloggers, photographers, cooks and businesses, requires PHP for performance optimisation.
Visual Basic .NET
Simple User Interface Used for both, Simple and Complex Project Development
Dot Net is gradually but steadily increasing in its popularity; as per to TIOBE many IT companies are focusing on delivering .NET projects, more than JAVA or PHP. Don’t hesitate to learn this language, as the expertise will only enhance your career opportunities.
Applications and interfaces with .NET programming language can be easily and securely built. In fact Visual Basic .NET is one of the most reliable programming languages that developers claim.
Readable Codes – Easy to Learn and Deploy
Although Ruby was very popular some time ago, it has come down in ranking. However, there are many programmers who are still loyal to it. Ruby is extremely loved because it is simple, elegant, and readable and used for general purpose interface development.
Ruby codes are easy to read and so, they are very easy to learn. So, learning Ruby will only add another value point to your bucket list, although most don’t believe it deserves to be among the top 10 programing languages.
Web Design and Development
The good news for freelancers is that learning the language will not bore a whole in your pocket, it is that economical.
Security Related Project Development
Perl, in theory is very easy to learn but to use and deploy different Perl languages you need to have prior experience working with it. The most latest in the family, Perl 5 is powerful, quite flexible, and customisable, so much so that it is referred as “the Swiss Army Chainsaw of Scripting Languages”.
Assembly language is not a high level language but it can do a lot of things which even the other languages mentioned in the list cannot. If you want speed and reliability in your programming, choose this language.
Because it is used when speed is essential as well as when higher level languages are not productive, we have seen a sudden surge in popularity among freelance programmers. The only drawback with assembly language is that it works only in specific types of CPUs.